Riding a bicycle is known to provide a wide array of health benefits, including improving cardiovascular function and lowering stress levels. One of the most powerful benefits of cycling on the body, though, is that it tones so many muscles at once.
The Core Muscles
When a person maintains proper posture while cycling, they must work their back and abdominal muscles. Holding healthy posture while the limbs are moving requires extra work, forcing the fine muscles in this part of the body to get stronger and tighter. As a result, one of the benefits of cycling can be a great compliment to exercises like crunches when it comes to trimming the waistline.
The Leg Muscles
The most obvious beneficiaries of cycling, all of the muscles in the leg are uniquely toned through the exercise. Cycling in the traditional manner involves the motion of pushing down, sometimes against resistance. This causes the leg muscles to extend. Pulling the pedals back up toward the body in order to complete the cycling motion causes the muscles to contract.
Performing these motions repetitively and quickly really gets all of the muscles moving rhythmically, resulting in fine toning. Through cycling, the major specific muscles that toned include the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calves.
The Upper Body Muscles
Although not the case on a traditional bicycle, the upper body muscles can be toned through cycling on a spinning bike with moving handles. The back and forth motion of pushing and pulling the handles while cycling works to tone the upper body muscles much like the leg muscles are toned through cycling. When the upper body is involved in cycling it also enhances the core muscles’ workout.
The Hip Flexors
To move the legs quickly and repeatedly in a cycling motion, the hip flexors have to work hard too. Since cycling requires a rotational movement, this exercise stretches and strengthen the hip flexors unlike many other exercises do. The rare rhythmic movement again leads to fine toning of these often underworked muscles.
Few other exercises work as many muscles as cycling. That cycling not only strengthens and stretches but also tones so many muscles make this exercise powerful and appealing.